What is dandruff and effective ways to treat dandruff?

Dandruff treatment can be a long-term problem for some people and fleeting moments for others, but that doesn’t take away from the fact that dandruff is one of the most difficult problems to deal with. decisive, especially for women.

In fact, before you even realize it, there are millions of products that claim to be “effective against dandruff” on the market. However, this is also where all the confusion begins. To deal with this extremely common scalp condition, it is of the utmost importance that you understand the source or cause of dandruff. In the following article, ApoGroups will share some effective dandruff causes and tips at home.

What is Dandruff?

Most adults have a yeast called malassezia on their scalp. Along with that, the hair follicles and oil glands produce a natural oil called sebum. Dandruff occurs when the amount of sebum produced reacts with the malassezia (yeast) present on your scalp, causing them to multiply rapidly, resulting in an itchy, inflamed, and easily irritated scalp. Without proper care, this can lead to more serious inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis and other symptoms of redness.

Although dandruff mainly affects only the scalp, it also tends to spread to other parts of your body. For example, places like the eyebrows, behind the ears, the sides of the nose, and even on the chest (for men) are common areas where dandruff can occur.

Simply put, dandruff is a reaction that occurs due to an increase in the production of oils and yeast already present on your scalp. The cause of dandruff can come from hormones, stress, environment or weather… One of the common dandruff mistakes is confusing dandruff with dry scalp (or vice versa). again), and this can lead to misidentification of the treatment.

Dry Scalp and Dandruff: What’s the Difference?

Some of the things that dandruff and dry scalp have in common is the appearance of dry flakes or a constant itchy sensation on the scalp. And because of this obvious symptom, many people will immediately jump to the conclusion that this is a symptom of dandruff – but not always.

Dry scalp occurs due to lack of moisture and oil. Due to the lack of natural nourishing ingredients, the scalp is not supplied with enough moisture, causing the scalp to become inflamed, itchy and irritated. This condition often makes your hair look dull and dry. Because of the lack of natural nourishing ingredients, the scalp tends to become dry and create patches of dead skin on your scalp.

Dandruff flakes look different from dry flakes, so one of the ways you can determine the condition of your scalp is to see what the flakes look like. Simply put, you can look at it like this:


Dry skin Malnourished scalp Dry white flakes

Dandruff Overproduction of oil Yellow flake oil

Dry scalp is mainly caused by changes in the weather, and this condition rarely leads to being too severe. Meanwhile, a dandruff scalp that is not properly cared for can lead to more serious skin inflammation.

What causes dandruff?

Dandruff can happen to anyone. In addition, factors such as hair care habits, surroundings and diet can also make this condition worse. To find your own dandruff treatment, your next step will be to identify the cause of your dandruff – what factors in your life are causing it to appear.


When you don’t wash your hair too often, sebum (oil that the scalp naturally produces) can build up on the scalp rapidly causing dandruff. That’s why it’s so important to schedule regular hair washes. By determining your hair type and thickness, you can determine how many times a week you should wash your hair to keep your scalp nourished.


Diets do not directly cause dandruff, they make your body unable to fight or treat dandruff to a certain extent. For example, dandruff is often associated with the yeast Candida (spherical or oval fungal cells, 3 to 6 µm in size, usually saprophytic in the vagina and digestive system). Foods high in sugar can stimulate the growth of this yeast and deplete the body of vitamin B, an effective anti-dandruff vitamin.

High-fat, dairy products like cheese can also increase the growth of this yeast on your scalp, leading to dandruff. Since there is an indirect correlation between diet and dandruff, following a healthy diet with foods rich in zinc and iron will help the body fight and neutralize the growth of Candida and dandruff.


Constant stress can not only have an adverse effect on your mental and emotional health, but it can also have a physical impact – poor sleep, headaches and chest pain… are all typical. of stress. Dandruff is also one of those symptoms. When your body is under stress, your immune system is impaired, leading to the development of dandruff.

An overactive brain will weaken your body’s natural defenses, making it harder for your body to naturally fight any effects that dandruff has on you. Constant stress can also trigger other scalp inflammation, sometimes triggering an itchy cycle that causes the scalp to ache.

Turn on soothing music, soak in the bath, light a few lavender-scented candles, read a good book, or simply get an extra night’s sleep. Boost the health of your body and mind.


Hormones are an important part of the natural oil production that you need to keep your scalp nourished. They moisturize your hair and scalp, helping to prevent dandruff. It is the changes in hormone levels during puberty, pregnancy, or menstruation that can sometimes aggravate your dandruff.

Hormonal imbalances can cause the body to produce excess oil, accelerating the production of dandruff on the scalp. While you can’t completely control your hormones, you can control excess oil production by controlling your diet as we mentioned above.


Dandruff does not tend to be passed down from parent to child, and people whose parents have had symptoms of dandruff are more prone to dandruff than others. For people who are genetically susceptible to dandruff, although it is not possible to completely eliminate dandruff, you can still limit this condition by properly cleaning and caring for your scalp.


The type of products you are using can also determine the condition of your scalp. Dandruff can be caused by a reaction to the sulfate ingredients in your shampoo, or even a product build-up from your conditioner, hairspray, or hair serum, irritating your scalp. Therefore, washing all products and choosing the right hair products is extremely important in the process of preventing and treating dandruff.


Research has shown that dandruff becomes more common in the winter months when the air is dry and humidity is low. In addition, wearing a hat in the winter also prevents air from reaching the hair roots, leading to the accumulation of natural oils and leading to dandruff.

Dandruff remedies

Getting rid of dandruff is not as easy as growing nails or treating acne … to treat dandruff, we have to take care of our hair continuously and be persistent. The truth is that dandruff will never completely go away but can be controlled. There is no “cure” for dandruff and the quicker we realize it, the quicker we can regain a healthier scalp. Here are a few ways you can reduce dandruff and improve scalp health:


Make a plan, mark the number of shampoos per week so as not to dry the scalp and also not make the scalp greasy and dirty. Depending on your hair type and living environment, you can choose to wash your hair 2-3 times per week. Additionally, ingredients like zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide and zinc carbonate are included in your shampoo to help reduce dandruff.


Products with a pH between 0 and 7 are acidic, and between 7 and 14 are alkaline. When the pH is in the range of 0-7, it has the ability to kill the yeast that causes itching and inhibit their growth, because bacteria cannot reproduce in an acidic environment. However, most shampoos and hair care products marketed today are alkaline, which can worsen the condition of your skin and hair.

While it may not have an immediate effect, continued use of alkaline products can lead to damage to your scalp, hair follicles, and hair. So, the best advice ApoGroups can give you is to do your research thoroughly before buying the most popular anti-dandruff shampoo on the market. Alternatively, you can also buy pH strips on Amazon to test the pH of your shampoo before using it.


Foods high in yeast and sugar can make dandruff worse. We’re not asking you to completely cut these out of your diet, instead, try to control your intake. Alternatively, you can choose foods that are high in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, zinc, and protein, as these will help boost your immune system and help fight unwanted bacterial growth.

Some foods you can incorporate into your diet are avocados, walnuts, salmon, flaxseeds, peanut butter. Along with that, consciously adding fresh fruits and vegetables to your daily meal will also help stimulate the process of nourishing your scalp.

Exfoliate Scalp

Exfoliation helps remove natural products or oils that have built up on your scalp. Instead of a regular comb, invest in an exfoliating brush or scalp massager. Scalp exfoliation not only helps to remove buildup, but it also boosts blood circulation on your scalp, helping to treat dandruff more effectively.

When shopping for exfoliants, you can choose products that contain ingredients like apple cider vinegar, seaweed, aloe vera, and avocado because they help cleanse and deep clean, while also keeping the skin’s pH balanced. head.


Another way to treat dandruff while strengthening and nourishing the scalp is to use hair masks that lock in moisture for the hair and scalp. Like we said earlier, keeping your hair healthy and fully nourished is extremely important in the dandruff treatment process. Applying an all-natural homemade hair mask once a week and reducing the frequency of shampooing will see results in just a few months.

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